MANILA, Philippines- Pangungunahan at ididiga ng Pilipinas ang “operationalization” ng “Loss and Damage Fund” sa 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28) sa United Nations’ Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
“Negotiations for the realization of the Lost and Damage Fund is “very critical” as the fund would help developing nations to rebuild natural and man-made features that were destroyed due to climate change,” ayon kay Environment Secretary Maria Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga sa isang panayam.
“Loss and Damage Fund is extremely important because as we know, there are losses and damages that are beyond our ability to finance,” dagdag niya.
“The cost of really trying to recoup and recover from this is way beyond what we are able to afford as a country,” patuloy ni Loyzaga sabay sabing, “There are other countries that are similarly vulnerable” lalo na umano sa Pasipiko.
Ang pondo, magmumula sa “pooled contributions” ng mga developed countries na may high carbon emissions “is meant to cover all the financing needed that cannot be addressed anymore by adaptation finance, by regular climate finance, by mitigation finance.”
“It is extremely important that this becomes operationalize soonest, and that we are able to access it at a timely and locally-driven fashion,” ani Loyzaga.
Habang ang carbon emissions ng Pilipinas ay “less than 1%” ng kabuuan sa mundo, ito ay isa sa mga bansa na madalas na tinatamaan ng tagtuyot at bagyo.
Matatandaang taong 2021, pumwesto ang Pilipinas sa ika-121 mula sa 185 bansa pagdating sa pagiging mahina kontra sa epekto ng climate change, ito naman ay ayon sa research o pagsasaliksik mula sa Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative, isang “research effort” mula sa University of Notre Dame sa Estados Unidos.
“The Philippines has been trying to “bring down emissions in the energy and transport and agriculture sector” and at the same time address “the need to secure food for our population,” ayon kay Loyzaga.
Habang ang Pilipinas aniya ay lumikha ng “People’s Survival Fund” nito, isang taunang alokasyon para sa community-driven climate change mitigation projects, ang P1 billion ay hindi aniya sapat.
“Unfortunately, for us, this figure is in the trillions,” ani Loyzaga.
“We are not alone. Many of the small countries as well are also needing a great deal of assistance both for adaptation and mitigation,” dagdag na pahayag nito.
“Loss and Damage Fund which is really for those losses and damages that are beyond our capacity is critical for this particular COP to actually make happen,” wika pa niya.
Hindi naman binanggit ni Loyzaga kung anong developed countries ang pumayag o tumanggi na mag-ambag sa Loss and Damage Fund, sabay sabing ang negosasyon sa ngayon ay “a very contentious process.”
“We will really rely on our diplomatic, as well as our other kinds of relationships to the different countries to make sure that we can somehow encourage the contributions from developed countries,” pahayag ni Loyzaga.
“All the negotiations still are ongoing, and that’s why it is extremely important for us to be present here,” patuloy niya at idinagdag na ang Pilipinas ay bukas din sa “opportunities for the international financial organizations” to finance climate change programs in the country.”
“There may be opportunities for private sector philanthropist to actually also contribute to this fund. All of this is part of what will be negotiated now in this COP,” sabi ni Loyzaga.
“What we are trying to do is make broadly-base financing – one of the approaches as well for the loss and damage fund so that we are not caught up by the sovereign arguments that they cannot afford it because they have other concerns and priorities in terms of their own financing for their own objectives,” lahad pa ng opisyal.
Samantala, maliban sa Loss and Damage Fund, makikipag-usap din ang Pilipinas ukol sa mga climate change-related concerns gaya ng “climate finance, adaptation, mitigation, global stocktake, gas transition at global cooperation.”
Nakatakd sanang lumipad ngayong araw si Pangulong Marcos patungong Dubai para pangunahan ang 237-member delegation ng Pilipinas sa COP28 subalit inanunsyo niyang hindi na siya makadadalo. Sa halip, si Loyzaga ang mangunguna sa delegasyon ng bansa sa nasabing event. Kris Jose